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        校主生平

        陳嘉庚先生是偉大的愛國主義者、杰出的華僑領袖、著名實業家、教育家和社會活動家。陳嘉庚于1874年10月21日出生在福建省同安縣集美社(即現廈門市集美區)。十七歲往新加坡從父經商,后獨立經營菠蘿罐頭廠、米店和橡膠園等。1916年后,以橡膠和膠制品業為主,鼎盛時期其銷售網遍及全球,謂新馬樹膠王國的四大開拓者之一,成為馳名海內外的大實業家。

        陳嘉庚身居異邦,心懷鄉國,經營實業不謀私利,立志競爭義務報效祖國,故傾資興辦教育等公益事業,以盡國民天職。早于1913年在家鄉創辦集美小學,后又增辦師范、中學、水產、航海、商業、農業等校,統稱為"集美學校"。1921年,陳嘉庚創辦廈門大學,親自選擇校址、校長,主持建筑校舍,以及高薪聘請師資等,設文、理、法、商、教育等五院十七系,為海內外培養高等人才。在僑居地新加坡亦倡辦和贊助許多學校,形成陳嘉庚廣泛的開放型教育體系。盡管遇世界經濟危機,企業經營未能轉機,他仍多方籌措校費,百折不撓維持辦學。1932年,當外國財團答應以停止支持廈門大學和集美學校為條件保護其企業經營,即遭他斷然拒絕。直至1937年春無力支持,遂無條件地將廈門大學獻給政府。廈門大學改為"國立"后,他極為關注其發展。1940年回國慰問期間,還特地到遷往內地長汀的學校視察;1949年歸國亦來校訪問;1950年定居集美后,仍繼續募資、籌劃擴建學校規模。在他的倡導下,許多華僑捐資興學蔚然成風,影響深遠。他不但為教育事業鞠躬盡瘁,而且具有卓越的教育思想,提倡學生要在德育、智育、體育諸方面全面發展,倡辦職業技術教育,高度重視師范教育,以及重視校長、教師在辦學中的決定作用等等。他還推行社會教育,親建集美鰲園"博物大觀"和倡建廈門華僑博物院等。

        陳嘉庚赤誠愛國,振興中華。1909年結識孫中山,翌年參加同盟會。辛亥革命閩省光復后,被選為新加坡福建保安會會長,募款支持孫中山的革命活動。1937年"七·七"抗戰爆發后,組織"南洋各屬華僑籌賑祖國難民總會"(簡稱"南僑總會")并被選為主席,領導支援祖國抗日救亡。1939年汪精衛叛國投敵,他嚴電聲討。1940年3月率領"南洋華僑回國慰勞視察團"回國視察各戰區和重慶、延安等地,不畏強暴,堅持真理,明辨是非,將救國救民的希望寄托在中國共產黨身上,反對蔣介石獨裁,堅持團結抗戰。1941年12月日本帝國主義進攻馬來亞,他領導"新加坡華僑抗敵動員總會",1942年3月新加坡淪陷避居印尼爪哇,賦詩表明舍生取義的決心。1945年日本帝國主義投降,他安全返回新加坡,各界集會慶祝,眾望所歸。1949年應毛澤東主席電邀回國參加新政協會議和開國大典,于1950年5月回國定居。歷任中央人民政府委員、華僑事務委員會委員、歸國華僑聯合會主席,先后當選為全國人民代表大會常務委員、全國政協副主席等職,直接參議國事。他已年逾古稀,仍不辭勞苦到祖國各地視察,致力于祖國社會主義建設事業,并對推動華僑愛國大團結、支持祖國和家鄉建設起到積極作用,臨終仍念念不忘祖國統一大業。

        陳嘉庚于1961年8月12日在北京病逝,終年八十七歲,國家給予以國葬的哀榮,靈柩運回集美,安葬于"鰲園"中。

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